Table 2

Characteristics associated with childhood injury, stratified by age category.

0–4 years5–11 years12–17 years
Unadjusted OR (95% CI)Adjusted OR (95% CI)Unadjusted OR (95% CI)Adjusted OR (95% CI)Unadjusted OR (95% CI)Adjusted OR (95% CI)
Sex
 Femalereference categoryreference categoryreference categoryreference categoryreference categoryreference category
 Male1.44 (1.31 to 1.59)1.35 (1.19 to 1.53)1.22 (1.14 to 1.32)1.23 (1.12 to 1.35)1.23 (1.15 to 1.34)1.82 (1.66 to 2.01)
Residence
 Urbanreference categoryreference categoryreference categoryreference categoryreference categoryreference category
 Semirural1.44 (1.25 to 1.66)1.33 (1.11 to 1.59)1.39 (1.24 to 1.56)1.28 (1.10 to 1.49)1.35 (1.21 to 1.52)1.27 (1.09 to 1.47)
 Rural1.76 (1.57 to 1.98)1.48 (1.27 to 1.74)1.82 (1.66 to 2.01)1.58 (1.39 to 1.79)1.79 (1.63 to 1.96)1.56 (1.37 to 1.76)
Social class
 I Highreference categoryreference categoryreference categoryreference categoryreference category
 II Middle1.04 (0.92 to 1.19)1.08 (0.98 to 1.19)1.0 (0.89 to 1.11)1.19 (1.08 to 1.32)1.13 (1.01 to 1.26)
 III Low1.01 (0.86 to 1.19)1.21 (1.08 to 1.35)1.15 (1.0 to 1.3)1.5 (1.35 to 1.68)1.39 (1.22 to 1.58)
Number of siblings
 0reference categoryreference categoryreference categoryreference categoryreference category
 11.32 (1.17 to 1.48)1.19 (1.02 to 1.39)1.18 (1.04 to 1.35)1.06 (0.89 to 1.25)1.0 (0.92 to 1.1)
 21.24 (1.07 to 1.44)1.25 (1.02 to 1.53)1.09 (0.96 to 1.26)1.10 (0.91 to 1.32)0.97 (0.87 to 1.08)
 ≥31.29 (1.05 to 1.56)1.57 (1.19 to 2.08)1.09 (0.93 to 1.28)1.22 (0.98 to 1.52)0.94 (0.82 to 1.08)
Ethnicity
 Easternreference categoryreference categoryreference categoryreference categoryreference category
 Non-Western0.88 (0.72 to 1.07)0.74 (0.63 to 0.87)0.72 (0.59 to 0.88)0.69 (0.59 to 0.82)0.67 (0.54 to 0.81)
Age difference of mother to child
 14–25 years0.94 (0.80 to 1.11)0.98 (0.88 to 1.10)1.12 (1.03 to 1.24)1.12 (1.01 to 1.26)
 >25 yearsreference categoryreference categoryreference categoryreference category
  • Adjusted odds ratios only for characteristics that were significantly associated with injury risk. OR = odds ratio.