Table 3

Ordinary least squares regression coefficients of overall job satisfaction on doctors' personal, practice and job characteristics — parsimonious model derived from backward stepwise estimation.

Characteristicn (%) or mean (SD)Regression coefficient (95% CI)P-value
GP characteristics
 Male519 (64.3%)−0.37 (−0.55 to −0.20)<0.001
 Age 50–54 yearsa142 (17.6%)0.29 (0.06 to 0.52)0.014
 Age 55–59 yearsa86 (10.7%)0.52 (0.22 to 0.81)0.001
 Age ≥60 yearsa31 (3.8%)0.60 (0.16 to 1.04)0.008
 Two children <18 yearsb264 (32.7%)0.31 (0.10 to 0.52)0.003
 Three or more children <18 years b176 (21.2%)0.33 (0.09 to 0.57)0.006
 Fairly good general healthc193 (23.9%)−0.44 (−0.64 to −0.25)<0.001
 Not good general healthc31 (3.8%)−1.08 (−1.51 to −0.66)<0.001
Practice characteristics
 Location rurald54 (6.7%)0.51 (0.19 to 0.84)0.002
 Location semi-rurald221 (27.4%)0.27 (0.09 to 0.46)0.004
 Location inner cityd89 (11.0%)0.50 (0.24 to 0.76)<0.001
 PMS practice356 (44.1%)0.27 (0.10 to 0.43)0.001
Job characteristics
 Individual practice income £50–70Ke222 (27.5%)0.20 (0.02 to 0.39)0.034
 Individual practice income £85–100Ke134 (16.6%)0.23 (0.00 to 0.46)0.048
 Number hours on call per week12.1 (12.0)−0.01 (−0.02 to −0.00)0.006
 Involved in decisions on changes that affect workf356 (44.1%)0.36 (0.19 to 0.53)<0.001
 Job has become more interesting over last yearf149 (18.5%)0.54 (0.33 to 0.76)<0.001
 Cannot meet conflicting demands on time at workf584 (72.4%)−0.29 (−0.48 to −0.09)0.004
 Mean job stress3.37 (0.65)−0.62 (−0.76 to −0.47)<0.001
 Constant6.50 (5.96 to 7.04)<0.001
  • n = 807; R2=0.37; adjusted R2=0.35.

  • a Compared with aged 45–49 years.

  • b Compared with no children under 18 years;

  • c Compared with good general health.

  • d Compared with town/city location.

  • e Compared with individual income from practice <£50K.

  • f Compared with no agreement with workday experience statements (such as strongly disagree, disagree or neither). Variables removed from the model (P>0.05) were: age <35, 35–39, 40–44 years; non-white; cohabiting; one child under 18 years; suburban practice location; patient type (all categories); practice list size; salaried contract; individual practice income £70–85K, >£100K; hours worked per week (all categories); commute time; 3 workday items (changes to job in last year led to better patient care, trouble working out if doing well or poorly, do not have time to carry out all work).