Table 3

Multiple regression analysis: independent associations of risk of social isolation.

Adjusted OR (95% CI)
Aged 65–74 years
Aged ≥75 years1.20 (0.92 to 1.57)
Female0.69 (0.53 to 0.92)c
Basic education only1.10 (0.85 to 1.44)
State pension only1.13 (0.86 to 1.48)
Depressed mood1.99 (1.46 to 2.72)d
Memory impairment1.60 (1.11 to 2.32)c
Needs help with one or more BADLa1.56 (0.98 to 2.48)
Needs help with one or more IADLb1.16 (0.86 to 1.57)
Decreasing functional ability0.77 (0.57 to 1.04)
Fear of falling1.21 (0.88 to 1.65)
Living alone2.37 (1.81 to 3.10)d
Poor and/or fair healthc1.55 (1.14 to 2.10)c
  • a BADL = basic activities of daily living, self-perceived difficulty or need for assistance with: feeding, moving from bed to chair, getting to the toilet, dressing, and bathing).

  • b IADL = instrumental activities of daily living, self-perceived difficulty or need for assistance with: using the telephone, driving or using public transport, shopping, preparing meals, housework, DIY, laundry, taking medication, and managing money.

  • c Out of: excellent, good, fair, poor.

  • d P<0.05.

  • e P<0.005. OR = odds ratio.