Table 3

Final models for risk factors of experiencing cough, sore throat, and earache and determinants of visiting the GP for these symptoms, being prescribed antibiotics, and satisfaction with the visit (multilevel) multivariate logistic regression analysis; adjusted odds ratio (95% CI).

Symptoms (n = 7057)Visiting the GP (n = 1083)Prescribed antibiotics (n = 250)Satisfaction (n = 250)
Female1.3 (1.1 to 1.4)a1.1 (0.8 to 1.6)a1.5 (0.8 to 3.0)a1.4 (0.7 to 2.7)a
Aged ≥65 years0.8 (0.7 to 0.9)1.8 (1.2 to 2.7)0.8 (0.3 to 2.1)a1.5 (0.7 to 3.5)a
Reporting own health as moderate to poor1.7 (1.5 to 2.0)
Smoker1.5 (1.4 to 1.7)2.8 (1.3 to 6.0)
Chronic respiratory comorbidity2.2 (1.8 to 2.7)2.2 (1.3 to 3.6)
Duration of the symptoms if more than 2 weeks6.3 (4.2 to 9.4)
Presence of fever6.7 (2.2 to 19.1)
Urged by others to visit a GP16.0 (7.8 to 32.8)
Endorsing the seriousness of the reported symptoms1.8 (1.5 to 2.2)0.7 (0.5 to 0.9)
Endorsing the need of antibiotics in cases of green phlegm1.8 (1.3 to 2.4)
Endorsing the self-limiting character of respiratory tract symptoms0.6 (0.5 to 0.8)
Concern about side-effects of antibiotics0.6 (0.5 to 0.9)
Being carefully examined by the GP4.1 (2.1 to 8.2)
GPs' endorsement of the effectiveness of antibiotics1.5 (1.0 to 2.1)1.9 (1.2 to 2.9)
GPs' endorsement of the need for antibiotics in cases of white spots in the throat1.6 (1.1 to 2.2)
  • — indicates not applied in the final model (not significant in the regression analysis)

  • a Difference not significant in the final model.