Table 4

Possible determinants for prolonged complaints of trochanteric pain (univariate and multivariate analyses)

1-year follow-up5-year follow-up
VariablesUnivariate OR (P-value)Multivariate OR (90% CI)Univariate OR (P-value)Multivariate OR (90% CI)
Age (continuous)1.02 (0.30)1.01 (0.97 to 1.04)1.00 (0.95)1.00 (0.96 to 1.04)
Sex (male/female)1.75 (0.41)1.39 (0.41 to 4.77)1.23 (0.74)0.78 (0.25 to 2.38)
Bilateral symptoms (−/+)1.03 (0.96)2.32 (0.19)2.35 (0.66 to 8.35)
BMI
 Normal (<25)0.55 (0.21)a
 Overweight (25–30)2.32 (0.13)2.38 (0.81 to 6.98)a
 Obese (>30)0.83 (0.77)a
Level of education
 Low (primary school)2.98 (0.07)1.73 (0.31)
 Normal (secondary school)0.32 (0.03)0.96 (0.94)
 High (higher education)1.33 (0.68)0.42 (0.19)0.38 (0.11 to 1.33)
Duration of symptomsb5.53 (0.003)4.88 (1.81 to 13.16)4.50 (0.10)5.29 (1.05 to 26.57)
Analgesics (−/+)1.68 (0.27)0.63 (0.37)
Corticosteroid injection (−/+)1.24 (0.66)0.45 (0.15)0.37 (0.13 to 1.00)
Arthrosis lower extremities (−/+)4.26 (0.03)4.77 (1.23 to 18.50)a
Lower back symptoms (−/+)4.19 (0.18)2.70 (0.42 to 17.52)a
  • a Data collected at the 5-year follow-up is likely to have changed over time and cannot be used as a determinant.

  • b Before visit to the GP (less than 1 week/1 week or more). OR = odds ratio.