Table 1

Characteristics of participants and refusers in the qualitative study compared with participants of the main trial of home blood pressure monitoring in stroke patients with hypertension

Participants, n = 26, % (n)Refusers, n = 13, % (n)Whole trial participants, n = 337a, % (n)
Age group, years
 25–390 (0)0 (0)2 (6)
 40–548 (2)23 (3)9 (35)
 55–6942 (11)15 (2)24 (91)
 70–8442 (11)39 (5)54 (192)
 ≥858 (2)23 (3)15 (57)
Ethnicity
 White81 (21)77 (10)77 (260)
 Black African or Caribbean11 (3)8 (1)12 (41)
 Other8 (2)15 (2)11 (36)
Sex
 Male65 (17)69 (9)57 (193)
 Female35 (9)31 (4)43 (144)
Rankin disability scores
 0 No symptoms at all19 (5)22 (3)29 (97)
 1 No significant disability despite symptoms27 (7)39 (5)26 (89)
 2 Slight disability38 (10)39 (5)27 (91)
 3 Moderate disability8 (2)0 (0)6 (19)
 4 Moderately severe disabilityb8 (2)0 (0)10 (35)
 5 Severe disability0 (0)0 (0)2 (6)
Use of home blood pressure monitoring at time of interview(telephone information for refusers)
 Regularly54 (14)54 (7)
 Infrequently35 (9)0 (0)
 Not at all11 (3)23 (3)
 Not contactablec0 (0)23 (3)
  • a Of 381 patients randomised at the start of the trial, 337 patients were followed up at 12 months; the remaining patients had either died or were lost to follow-up (n = 44).

  • b Includes two patients with moderate expressive dysphasia.

  • c Three refusers were not contactable.