Table 3

Mean number of symptoms in the previous 2 weeks by participant characteristics

All participants (n = 2474)Chronic condition (n = 1098a)No chronic condition (n = 1323)
Age group, years
Marital status
 Married/living together3.454.402.65
 No longer married4.64<0.0015.57<0.0013.11<0.001
Level of social support
Number of children
Level of education
 No formal qualifications4.715.712.73
 Secondary school or equivalent3.794.822.93
 Higher education3.28<0.0014.05<0.0012.750.540
Housing tenure
 Privately rented and other4.295.623.35
 Council/housing association/rented5.55<0.0016.81<0.0013.510.011
Employment status
 Full time3.283.982.74
 Part time3.494.722.65
 Cannot work due to illness7.297.465.88
 Others without paid work4.49<0.0015.65<0.0013.380.001
Household income, £
 <15 0005.336.243.88
 15 000–29 9993.934.992.95
 30 000–49 9993.183.932.59
 ≥50 0003.07<0.0013.80<0.0012.64<0.001
Ethnic group
Smoking status
 Never smoked3.384.412.67
 Current smoker4.56<0.0015.74<0.0013.310.014
  • a Total numbers for those with and without a chronic condition does not add up to full sample due to missing data on presence of a chronic condition.

  • b P-value based on t-tests (sex and ethnic group) and analysis of variance (age group, marital status, level of social support, number of children, level of education, housing tenure, employment status, annual household income, and smoking status). Bold indicates a significant difference at the 1% significance level.