Table 1.

Baseline characteristics of the intervention and control groups

MBSR (n = 23)Control (n = 20)P-value
Male, n (%)16 (70)12 (60)0.52
Female, n (%)7 (30)8 (40)
Age, years, mean (SD)54.5 (5.3)56.0 (6.7)0.45
Years in practice, mean (SD)23.4 (6.3)26.3 (7.0)0.22
Practice setting, n (%)
  Private3 (13)2 (10)0.76
  Partnered/group20 (87)18 (90)
Emotional exhaustion (UBOS), mean (SD)14.26 (8.25)10.15 (6.28)0.08
Depersonalisation (UBOS), mean (SD)6.35 (3.50)3.10 (2.79)0.002a
Personal accomplishment (UBOS), mean (SD)34.00 (4.01)34.50 (5.44)0.73
Total work engagement (UWES), mean (SD)61.80 (11.35)67.76 (9.88)0.08
  Vigour20.80 (3.97)22.42 (4.32)0.21
  Dedication22.48 (3.76)26.05 (2.76)0.001a
  Absorption18.84 (4.87)19.88 (4.91)0.49
Empathy (JSE), mean (SD)114.91 (9.67)118.35 (10.09)0.26
Total mindfulness (FFMQ), mean (SD)132.39 (13.19)141.0 (14.79)0.05
  Observing26.17 (3.42)25.89 (5.78)0.85
  Describing28.35 (4.98)29.00 (4.32)0.66
  Acting with awareness25.91 (5.27)29.11 (3.48)0.03b
  Non-judging29.39 (5.39)32.84 (4.68)0.03b
  Non-reacting22.57 (3.42)24.16 (4.31)0.19
  • a P<0.01.

  • b P<0.05.

  • FFMQ = Five Facet Mindfulness Questionnaire. JSE = Jefferson Scale of Empathy. MBSR = mindfulness-based stress reduction. SD = standard deviation. UBOS = Utrecht Burnout Scale. UWES = Utrecht Work Engagement Scale.