Table 4.

Differences in patient and care characteristics of patients included on the PaTz register who are discussed during a PaTz meeting or not

Not discussed (n= 42)Discussed at least once (n= 146)OR (95% CI)a
Patient characteristics
Patient age, years, mean (SD)75.8 (11.4)71.4 (12.8)0.968 (0.938 to 0.999)
Patient sex, female, n (%)17 (40.5)67 (45.9)1.497 (0.724 to 3.096)
Cause of death, cancer, n (%)33 (78.6)115 (78.8)0.780 (0.311 to 1.953)
Care characteristics
Preferred place of death is known by participant, n (%)41 (97.6)137 (97.2)0.843 (0.090 to 7.930)
Place of death, n (%)
  Home/with family33 (78.6)105 (71.9)1 (ref)
  Nursing home0 (0)1 (0.7)NA
  Care home3 (7.1)6 (4.1)0.946 (0.191 to 4.682)
  Hospital2 (4.8)12 (8.2)2.055 (0.429 to 9.844)
  Hospice4 (9.5)22 (15.1)1.882 (0.596 to 5.943)
Number of hospitalisations in last 30 days, n (%)
  022 (52.4)97 (66.4)1 (ref)b
  113 (31.0)37 (25.3)0.681 (0.302 to 1.535)
  ≥27 (16.7)12 (8.2)0.320 (0.108 to 0.947)
How long before death did you consider a possible death within 6 months or sooner? n (%)
  >6 months11 (26.2)68 (47.2)1 (ref)
  3–6 months17 (40.5)49 (34.0)0.480 (0.205 to 1.123)
  1 or 2 months9 (21.4)18 (12.5)0.419 (0.144 to 1.215)
  Between 1 month and 1 week5 (11.9)8 (5.6)0.284 (0.077 to 1.049)
  In the last week0 (0)1 (0.7)NA
How long before death was treatment aimed at comfort or palliation? n (%)
  >6 months5 (11.9)45 (31.0)1 (ref)
  3–6 months14 (33.3)41 (28.3)0.291 (0.094 to 0.897)
  1 or 2 months10 (23.8)35 (24.1)0.372 (0.112 to 1.241)
  Between 1 month and 1 week12 (28.6)14 (9.7)0.130 (0.039 to 0.440)
  In the last week, or not at all1 (2.4)10 (6.9)0.945 (0.097 to 9.238)
Conversations on: n (%)
  Main diagnosis32 (76.2)106 (73.1)0.834 (0.369 to 1.884)
  Incurability of disease37 (88.1)123 (84.8)0.546 (0.181 to 1.648)
  Life expectancy33 (78.6)119 (82.1)1.032 (0.421 to 2.530)
  Possible medical complications20 (47.6)84 (57.9)1.386 (0.667 to 2.882)
  Physical complaints40 (95.2)121 (83.4)0.251 (0.056 to 1.125)
  Psychological issues23 (54.8)92 (63.4)1.453 (0.714 to 2.957)
  Social or societal issues9 (21.4)54 (37.2)1.912 (0.839 to 4.357)
  Spiritual or existential issues14 (33.3)50 (34.5)1.093 (0.518 to 2.310)
  Possibilities of palliative care37 (88.1)120 (82.8)0.641 (0.224 to 1.832)
  Burden of treatment20 (47.6)64 (44.1)0.842 (0.417 to 1.702)
  Wishes regarding (non-)treatment29 (69.0)103 (71.0)1.027 (0.474 to 2.226)
  • a OR = odds ratio, and CI; calculated in logistic regression analysis adjusted for age of the patient and cause of death (cancer versus other). NA = not calculated (due to a value of zero). Analyses on patients included in the PaTz register (n = 188). Number of missing values ranges between 0 and 5 (for knowledge on preferred place of death). Results in bold: P<0.05.

  • b The overall Wald test was not significant. PaTz = PAlliatieve Thuis Zorg, palliative care at home. Ref = reference. SD = standard deviation.