Table 3.

Reported outcomes mapping to specific temporal aspects of the primary care component in the diagnostic journey of oral cancer

Publication detailsWhich HCP did the patient first present to?Number of consultations before referral was madeReferring professionalaTotal primary care intervalb
Scott et al, 2005 UK26GP: 19.2% (n= 46)
Dentist: 22.1% (n= 53)
Other: 58.7% (n= 141)
Scott et al, 2006 UK27
Rogers et al, 2007 UK28GP: 49% (n= 254)
Dentist: 43% (n= 219)
GP: 49% (n= 254)
Dentist: 43% (n= 219)
General medical: n= 194, mean 22, IQR 12 to 48
General dental: n= 174, mean 22, IQR 9 to 65, P= 0.48
Crossman et al, 2016 UK29GP: 52.3% (n= 91)
Dentist: 35.6% (n= 52)
Schnetler, 1992 UK30GP: 52.1% (n= 50)
Dentist: 40.6% (n= 39)
Other: 7.3% (n= 7)
Hollows et al, 2000 UK31GP: 56.0% (n= 56)
Dentist: 36% (n= 36)
GP: mean 8.4 days, range 0 to 90, SD 17.6
Dentist: mean 14.5, range 0 to 176, SD 32.2
Kaing et al, 2016 Australlia34GP: 52% (n= 53)
Dentist: 42% (n= 42)
GP: mean 2.7, range 1 to 6
Dentist: mean 2.9, range 2 to 5
GP: 48.2% (n= 46)
Dentist: 50.6% (n= 48)
Jovanovic et al, 1992 Netherlands32GP: 65.9% (n= 27)
Dentist: 29.3% (n= 12)
Kowalski et al, 1994 Brazil35GP: 94.9% (n= 319)
Dentist: 18.7% (n = 63)
Pharmacist: 14% (n= 47)
Peacock et al, 2008 US40All primary care physicians: mean 35.9 days, range 0 to 280
Groome et al, 2011 Canada36GP: 66.0% (n= 1525)
Dentist: 24.7% (n= 570)
Other: 9.5% (n= 231)
Wildt et al, 1995 Denmark37GP: 45% (n= 75)
Dentist: 35% (n= 58)
Other: 21% (n= 34)
GP: 45% (n= 75)
Dentist: 35% (n= 58)
Other: 21% (n= 34)
Tromp et al, 2005 Netherlands33
Kantola et al, 2001 Finland38GP: 81% (n= 61)
Dentist: 19% (n= 14)
GP: 81% (n= 61)
Dentist: 19% (n= 14)
Onizawa et al, 2003 Japan39GP: 20.1% (n= 29)
Dentist: 59.0% (n= 85)
Oral surgeon: 6.25% (n= 9)
Other: 14.6% (n= 21)
Median 6, quartile deviation 22, range 0 to 240
Kerdpon et al, 2001 Thailand41GP: 82.6% (n= 133)
Dentist: 15.5% (n= 25)
Mean 4.3, range 2 to 50
  • a GMP is synonymous with GP, and dental practitioner is synonymous with dentist.

  • b First attendance to referral being sent. IQR = interquartile range. OR = odds ratio. SD = standard deviation.