Table 1.

Participant demographics

Patient characteristics
Age, years (n= 544)
  Mean (SD)49.27 (±18.87)
  Range18–92
  Unansweredn= 12 (2.2%))
N (%)
Sex (n= 556)a
  Male196 (35.3)
  Female348 (62.6)
  Unanswered12 (2.2)
Ethnicity (n= 556)
  White503 (90.5)
  Non-white46 (8.4)
  Unanswered7 (1.3)
Sexual orientation (n= 556)
  Heterosexual470 (84.5)
  Non-heterosexual73 (13.1)
  Unanswered13 (2.4)
Smoking status (n= 556)
  Ever smoked326 (58.8)
  Never smoked228 (41.2)
  Unanswered2 (0.4)
Day-to-day activities limited by a long-term health condition (n= 556)
  Limited by disability209 (37.6)
  No disability335 (60.3)
  Unanswered12 (2.2)
Highest level of education (n= 556)
  No qualifications113 (20.3)
  Below university level education201 (36.2)
  Above university level education231 (41.5)
  Unanswered11 (2.0)
Sources of health information (n= 556)
  Written HEMs166 (29.9)
  Electronic HEMs422 (75.9)
  Face-to-face information447 (80.4)
  Unanswered6 (1.1)
Activity in the waiting room (n= 556)
  Reading305 (54.9)
  Using electronic media313 (56.3)
  Nothing, or other201 (36.2)
  Unanswered6 (1.1)
  • HEM = health education material. SD = standard deviation.

  • a n = 556 for all variables except for age where n = 544 (the 12 unanswered stated in this section are in addition).