Table 2.

Prevalence of cardiovascular comorbid conditions and top 10 most common non-cardiovascular comorbid conditions in patients with heart failure, peripheral arterial disease, coronary heart disease, and stroke (stratified by age and sex)

Heart failure
MalesFemales
Condition%Condition%Condition%Condition%Condition%Condition%Condition%Condition%
CVD-comorbidityAge18–5455–7475–84≥8518–5455–7475–84≥85
PADPAD11PAD13PAD11PADPAD8PAD11PAD5
CHD32CHD42CHD48CHD44CHD15CHD31CHD37CHD34
StrokeStroke11Stroke13Stroke18StrokeStroke7Stroke10Stroke13
Non-cardiovascular comorbidityTop
1.Diabetes23Diabetes42Low vision49Low vision55Asthma31Diabetes42Low vision52Low vision49
2.Asthma19COPD30Diabetes38Cancer40Back/neck24OA32OA43OA47
3.Back/neck15Low vision26COPD34Diabetes29Diabetes23COPD29Diabetes38Cancer31
4.OA21Cancer31COPD28Depression20Back/neck29Back/neck37Diabetes30
5.Back/neck19OA25OA27Low vision16Low vision28Cancer33Back/neck28
6.Cancer18Back/neck20Back/neck19Cancer13Asthma22COPD29OP23
7.Asthma16Asthma17Hearing loss15Cancer19OP25COPD20
8.Depression9Hearing loss13Dementia11Depression15Asthma20Asthma16
9.OP4Depression7Asthma10OP14Depression12Hearing loss13
10.Epilepsy3Dementia7OP6RA6Hearing loss10Dementia12
Peripheral arterial disease
MalesFemales
CVD-comorbidityAge18–5455–7475–84≥8518–5455–7475–84≥85
HFHF8HF18HF29HFHF8HF21HF24
CHD13CHD31CHD38CHD45CHD4CHD21CHD285CHD31
StrokeStroke10Stroke13Stroke15Stroke3Stroke6Stroke12Stroke15
Non-cardiovascular comorbidityTop
1.Back/neck15Diabetes32Low vision43Low vision46Back/neck18Back/neck32Low vision51Low vision53
2.Depression13Back/neck24Diabetes41Diabetes37Asthma15COPD29OA41OA42
3.Diabetes13COPD22Cancer40Cancer36Depression15Diabetes27Back/neck35Cancer31
4.COPD5Low vision21OA28OA28Cancer6OA25Cancer/diabetes32Back/neck30
5.Cancer4Cancer20COPD26Back/neck26COPD5Cancer24Cancer/diabetes32Diabetes29
6.Low vision4OA15Back/neck26COPD21OA4Low vision23COPD29OP25
7.Depression12Hearing loss10Hearing loss15Low vision3Asthma17OP27COPD21
8.Asthma9Asthma8Dementia12Diabetes3Depression13Asthma18Hearing loss16
9.Hearing loss4Depression6OP9RA2OP12Hearing loss12Dementia11
10.OP4Dementia6Asthma9RA6Depression12Asthma9
Coronary heart disease
MalesFemales
CVD-comorbidityCondition%Condition%Condition%Condition%Condition%Condition%Condition%Condition%
18–5455–7475–84≥8518–5455–7475–84≥85
HF4HF7HF19HF29HF4HF9HF19HF34
PAD4PAD8PAD11PAD12PAD5PAD6PAD8PAD7
Stroke3Stroke5Stroke9Stroke13Stroke5Stroke5Stroke8Stroke12
Non-cardiovascular comorbidityTop
1.Back/neck20Diabetes29Low vision44Low vision56Back/neck25Back/neck31Low vision52Low vision52
2.Diabetes17Back/neck22Diabetes33Cancer37Asthma23OA29OA43OA49
3.Depression13Low vision18Cancer33OA30Depression19Diabetes27Back/neck38Back/neck33
4.Asthma9COPD16OA25Diabetes29Diabetes16Low vision23Diabetes35Cancer31
5.COPD6Cancer15Back/neck22Back/neck23COPD10Asthma19Cancer29Diabetes29
6.Low vision5OA15COPD21COPD19OA9COPD19OP21OP23
7.OA5Asthma11Hearing loss12Hearing loss17Cancer8Cancer19COPD20Hearing loss17
8.Cancer3Depression9Asthma10Dementia9Low vision4Depression15Asthma17COPD13
9.Hearing loss4Depression5Asthma8OP14Depression10Asthma13
10.RA2Dementia5Depression5RA5Hearing loss10Dementia11
Stroke
MalesFemales
CVD-comorbidity18–5455–7475–84≥8518–5455–7475–84≥85
HFHF7HF15HF30HFHF6HF13HF25
PADPAD10PAD11PAD9PAD5PAD5PAD8PAD7
CHD12CHD18CHD28CHD33CHD8CHD12CHD20CHD23
Non-cardiovascular comorbidityTop
1.Depression19Diabetes27Low vision42Low vision53Back/neck23Diabetes27Low vision46Low vision52
2.Diabetes13Cancer18Cancer35Cancer38Asthma19Back/neck27OA36OA44
3.Back/neck13Low vision17Diabetes30OA28Depression15OA24Back/neck31Cancer26
4.Epilepsy9COPD16OA22Diabetes27Diabetes11Low vision22Diabetes28Back/neck26
5.Asthma8Back/neck16Back/neck20COPD20Epilepsy8Cancer18Cancer27Diabetes26
6.COPD5OA12COPD17Back/neck19OA6Depression17OP22Dementia18
7.Depression11Dementia11Hearling loss14Asthma16COPD16OP17
8.Asthma10Hearing loss9Dementia12COPD15Depression13Hearing loss16
9.Epilepsy7Asthma9Asthma12OP11Asthma12Depression13
10.Hearing loss5Depression7Depression/OP5Epilepsy6Dementia8COPD11
  • a Percentages are shown if10 cases were present. CHD = coronary heart disease. COPD = chronic obstructive pulmonary disease. HF = heart failure. OA = osteoarthritis. OP = osteoporosis. PAD = peripheral arterial disease. RA = rheumatoid arthritis.