Table 1.

Sociodemographic characteristics and CVD prevalence by severe mental illness (SMI) status

Non-SMI (N = 270 669), n (%)SMI (N = 4056), n (%)P-value
Sexa<0.001b
  Female137 353 (50.8)1797 (44.3)
  Male133 315 (49.3)2259 (55.7)
Age group, years<0.001b
  16–2432 776 (12.1)162 (4.0)
  25–3488 062 (32.5)678 (32.5)
  35–4459 279 (21.9)907 (22.4)
  45–5442 839 (15.8)1095 (27.0)
  55–6423 734 (8.8)624 (15.4)
  65–7414 035 (5.2)347 (8.6)
  ≥759944 (3.7)243 (6.0)
Ethnic group<0.001b
  British/mixed78 332 (35.0)1124 (31.6)
  Irish5253 (2.4)104 (2.9)
  Indian/Pakistani/Bangladeshi/mixed16 042 (7.2)219 (6.2)
  Caribbean/mixed21 401 (9.6)840 (23.7)
  African/mixed27 286 (12.2)545 (15.3)
  Chinese/other10 871 (4.9)90 (2.5)
  Other white54 080 (24.2)373 (10.5)
  Other black6262 (2.8)188 (5.3)
  Other mixed4254 (1.9)69 (1.9)
Deprivation quintile<0.001b
  1 Most deprived47 162 (18.1)1004 (25.0)
  254 656 (21.0)918 (22.9)
  354 342 (20.9)836 (20.8)
  457 149 (22.0)713 (17.8)
  5 Least deprived47 054 (18.1)543 (13.5)
Consultations
  Mean (SD)4.7 (4.3)9.4 (8.0)
  Median/below123 501 (53.1)813 (20.9)<0.001b
  Above median109 286 (47.0)3074 (79.1)
Cardiovascular diseases
  Hypertension28 010 (10.4)762 (18.8)<0.001b
  Coronary heart disease4109 (1.5)97 (2.4)<0.001b
  Heart failure1259 (0.5)45 (1.1)<0.001b
  Stroke/transient ischaemic attack2544 (0.9)100 (2.5)<0.001b
  • SD = standard deviation. SMI = severe mental illness. Patients with SMI are those known to both primary and secondary care, patients without SMI are those known only to primary care and not registered with a SMI. ‘Consultations’ refers to mean number of GP and nurse telephone, face-to-face and home primary care consultations per calendar year between 2010 and 2013.

  • a One patient recorded as sex ‘unknown’.

  • b P <0.001.