Table 2.

Comorbid conditions diagnosed before the first possible symptom of bladder cancer

Classification of conditionConditionMales, n (%) (N= 1121)Females, n (%) (N= 347)Total, n (%) (N= 1468)
QOFAsthma107 (9.5)40 (11.5)147 (10.0)
Atrial fibrillation78 (7.0)20 (5.8)98 (6.7)
Chronic obstructive pulmonary disease117 (10.4)22 (6.3)139 (9.5)
Coronary heart disease225 (20.1)48 (13.8)273 (18.6)
Dementia21 (1.9)3 (0.9)24 (1.6)
Depression and/or anxiety205 (18.3)115 (33.1)320 (21.8)
Diabetes mellitus159 (14.2)37 (10.7)196 (13.4)
Epilepsy15 (1.3)8 (2.3)23 (1.6)
Heart failure49 (4.4)24 (6.9)73 (5.0)
Hypertension451 (40.2)166 (47.8)617 (42.0)
Stroke97 (8.7)30 (8.6)127 (8.7)
Presents with haematuria and dysuriaUrinary tract infection193 (17.2)170 (49.0)363 (24.7)
Sexually transmitted disease2 (0.2)1 (0.3)3 (0.2)
Kidney disease135 (12.0)51 (14.7)186 (12.7)
Tuberculosis5 (0.4)3 (0.9)8 (0.5)
Sickle cell disease000
Nephrolithiasis24 (2.1)3 (0.9)27 (1.8)
Prostatitis140 (12.5)0140 (9.5)
Menorrhagia054 (15.6)54 (3.7)
Endometriosis03 (0.9)3 (0.2)
Benign prostatic hyperplasia20 (1.8)020 (1.4)
Pyelonephritis2 (0.2)7 (2.0)9 (0.6)
Presents with abdominal massUterine fibroids01 (0.3)1 (0.1)
Aortic aneurysm46 (4.1)3 (0.9)49 (3.3)
Retention35 (3.1)15 (4.3)50 (3.4)
  • QOF = Quality and Outcomes Framework.