Table 3.

Association between stage of bladder cancer diagnosis, multimorbidity, and alternative explanations for cancer symptoms; adjusted for age, sex, and deprivation

CovariateUnadjustedAdjusted
OR (95% CI)P-valueOR (95% CI)P-value
Age at diagnosis0.98 (0.97 to 0.99)0.0030.98 (0.97 to 0.99)0.002
Female sex1.73 (1.29 to 2.31)<0.00011.62 (1.20 to 2.18)0.001
Deprivation quintile0.96 (0.86 to 1.10)0.3690.95 (0.86 to 1.05)0.337
Number of comorbidities (ref: none)
  11.17 (0.79 to 1.74)0.4341.01 (0.66 to 1.52)0.980
  21.06 (0.70 to 1.60)0.7920.84 (0.53 to 1.33)0.450
  30.94 (0.59 to 1.48)0.7800.72 (0.42 to 1.24)0.242
  ≥41.04 (0.67 to 1.62)0.8480.75 (0.43 to 1.30)0.303
Has an ‘alternative explanation’1.48 (1.13 to 1.92)0.0041.69 (1.20 to 2.39)0.003
  • OR = odds ratio.