Table 1.

Selected questions from the Commonwealth Fund International Health Policy Survey questionnaire, included as independent variables in present study

QuestionsAnswer’s itemsGrouping item in the multivariate analysis
Are you?Male/female
How old are you?<35, years
Where is your practice located?CityUrban
Small town
Rural area
General organisation and workload indicators
How many full-time equivalent (FTE) doctors, including yourself, are in your practice? nContinuous<3/3–5/>5
On average, how much time are you able to spend with a patient during a routine consultation?Continuous<10 minutes/10–20 minutes/>20 minutes
Thinking about your medical practice, estimate how many hours a week you typically workContinuous≤40 hours per week/41–50 hours per week/>50 hours week
In a typical week, about what percentage of time do you spend on the following: administrative issuesContinuous≤10%/11–20%/>20%
What proportion of your patients who request a same- or next-day appointment can get one?Almost all (>80%)>50%
Most (60–80%)
About half (about 50%)About 50%
Some (20–40%)20–40%
Few (<20%)<20%
Do you and/or other personnel that work with you in your practice provide care in any of the following ways? — Make home visitsYes, frequentlyYes, frequently
Yes, occasionallyYes, occasionally
Coordination indicators
Do you and/or other personnel that work with you in your practice provide care in any of the following ways?Yes, frequentlyYes/no
Yes, occasionallyYes/no
•Coordinate follow-up care with hospitals for patients being discharged
• Contact patients between visits to monitor their condition
Do you or other personnel in your practice communicate with your patient’s home care provider about your patient’s needs and the services to be provided?RoutinelyYes/no
Does your practice use personnel, such as nurses or case managers, to monitor and manage care for patients with chronic conditions that need regular follow-up care?Yes, within practiceYes, within practice
Yes, outside of practiceYes, outside
Yes, within and outsideNo
After your patient has been discharged from the hospital, on average how long does it take before you receive the information you need to continue managing the patient, including recommended follow-up care?<24 hours≤2 days
24–48 hours
2–4 days2 days–2 weeks
5–14 days3–4 weeks
15–30 days>1 month or never
>30 days
Rarely or never
Quality-of-care indicators
Does the place where you practice routinely receive and review data on the following aspects of your patients’ care?Yes/no
• Clinical outcomes
• Surveys of patient satisfaction and experiences with care
• Patients’ hospital admissions or emergency department use
• Percentage of patients who have received recommended preventive care
Are any areas of your own clinical performances reviewed against targets at least annually?Yes/no
Do you receive information on how the clinical performance of your practice compares with other practices?Yes, routinelyYes/no
Yes, occasionally
Use of electronic tools
Do you use electronic patient medical records inYes/no
your practice
Do you use any of the following technologies in yourYes, routinelyYes, routinely
practice? Electronic alerts or prompts about aYes, occasionallyYes, occasionally
potential problem with drug dose or drug interactionNoNo