Table 2.

Association of overall patient experience with total funding per patient

Model 1Model 2Model 3Model 4Model 5Model 6
Practices, n725372537253725372537253
Overall patient experiencea,b2.40c (2.29 to 2.51)0.93c (0.77 to 1.08)0.83c (0.65 to 1.01)0.89c (0.71 to 1.07)1.46c (1.27 to 1.65)0.88c (0.52 to 1.24)
Models contain:
  Year effectsYYYYYY
  Patient characteristicsdNYYYYY
  Practice characteristicseNNYYYY
  Practice effectsRandomRandomRandomRandomRandomFixed
Years2013/2014 to 2016/2017 2013/2014 to 2016/20172013/2014 to 2016/20172014/2015 to 2016/20172014/2015 to 2016/20172014/2015 to 2016/2017
Funding yearCurrentCurrentCurrentCurrent1-year lag1-year lag
  • a Percentage change associated with 1 SD increase in funding (±95% CI).

  • b Dependent variable: overall patient experience (Q28, Q29). Calculated from the average of the practice percentages of patients reporting the top two positive responses (‘good’ and ‘very good’).

  • c P<0.001.

  • d Social deprivation, proportion of patients aged 0–4 years, proportion of patients aged ≥75 years, proportion of patients of black or Asian ethnicity, proportion of nursing home residents, and practice morbidity.

  • e Contract type, dispensing status, training practice status, and single-handed. NB. All models account for clustering at general practice level. CI = confidence interval. SD = standard deviation.