Table 1.

Baseline characteristics of the intention-to-treat population

Baseline characteristicValid, nAll participants, n= 175Valid, nCAU, n = 88Valid, nIntervention, n= 87
Age, years, median (IQR)1751.5 (0.9–2.1)881.5 (0.9–2.0)871.5 (0.9–2.2)
Female, n (%)17588 (50.3)8850 (56.8)8738 (43.7)
Weight, kg, median (IQR)16911.0 (9.5–14.0)8611.0 (9.4–14.0)8312.0 (9.5–14.3)
Duration of vomiting prior to presentation, days, median (IQR)1742.0 (1.0–3.0)871.2 (1.0–2.0)872.0 (1.0–3.0)
Frequency of vomiting in past 24 hours, median (IQR)1715.0 (4.0–10.0)865.0 (4.0–10.0)856.0 (4.0–10.0)
Diarrhoea present, n (%)174124 (71.3)8766 (75.9)8758 (66.7)
Duration of diarrhoea prior to presentation, days, median (IQR)a1242.0 (1.0–3.0)661.0 (0.4–2.0)581.0 (0.0–3.0)
Frequency of diarrhoea in past 24 hours, median (IQR)a1233.0 (2.0–5.0)662.0 (1.0–5.0)571.5 (0.0–4.0)
Dehydration assessed at 0–100% by GP, median (IQR)17020.0 (10.0–40.0)8520.0 (6.0–40.0)8520.0 (10.0–40.0)
Use of concomitant medication, n (%)17565 (37.1)8831 (35.2)8734 (39.1)
Additional risk factors of dehydration, n (%)b
  117563 (36.0)8833 (37.5)8730 (34.5)
  ≥217518 (10.3)8810 (11.4)878 (9.2)
Alarm symptoms of severe dehydration, n (%)c
  117532 (18.3)8815 (17.0)8717 (19.5)
  ≥21752 (1.1)881 (1.1)871 (1.1)
  • a Numbers only presented for those participants with diarrhoea.

  • b Risk factors assessed at baseline were:6 watery stools or diarrhoea, fever, and reduced intake of liquid/food.

  • c Alarm symptoms assessed at baseline were: confused or decreased consciousness, bradycardia, weak peripheral heartbeat pulsations, capillary refill time >4 seconds, skin pinch test >4 seconds, cold or marbled extremities, and no urine output in the previous 24 hours. CAU = care as usual; IQR = interquartile range.