Table 4.

The 1-year cumulative incidence of cancers in participants aged ≥70 years with abdominal pain plus another feature of possible cancer, stratified by sexa

Additional feature and cancerWomenMen
1-year incidence (%)95% CI1-year incidence (%)95% CI
Constipation
Colorectal or pancreatic1.9b1.3 to 2.7b4.9d3.7 to 6.4d
Colorectal1.3b0.8 to 1.9b3.8d2.7 to 5.0d
Pancreatic0.60.3 to 1.11.2b0.6 to 2.0b
Diarrhoea
Colorectal or pancreatic2.0c1.4 to 2.9 c3.6d2.3 to 5.3d
Colorectal1.7b1.1 to 2.5b3.3d2.0 to 4.9d
Pancreatic0.30.1 to 0.80.30.0 to 1.1
Change in bowel habit
Colorectal or ovarian5d3 to 8dn/an/a
Colorectal4d2 to 6dn/an/a
Ovarian1.5b0.5 to 3.5bn/an/a
Nausea and/or vomiting
Pancreatic or oesophagogastric1.1b0.7 to 1.8b3.6d2.2 to 5.4d
Pancreatic0.50.2 to 1.12.2c1.2 to 3.8c
Oesophagogastric0.60.3 to 1.11.4b0.6 to 2.7b
Abdominal mass
Colorectal, ovarian, oesophagogastric, or liver20d12 to 30d9d3 to 19d
Colorectal12d6 to 21d5d1 to 15d
Oesophagogastric04d0 to 12d
Ovarian7d3 to 15dn/a
Liver1b0 to 6b0
Weight loss
Colorectal, ovarian, pancreatic or oesophagogastric5d3 to 8d9d6 to 14d
Colorectal1.6b0.5 to 3.7b4d2 to 8d
Ovarian0.90.2 to 2.7n/a
Pancreatic1.3b0.3 to 3.2b3d1 to 6d
Oesophagogastric0.90.2 to 2.73d1 to 6d
  • a For each feature, the total risk and that of individual cancers is reported.

  • b Cancer risk1% and <2%.

  • c Cancer risk2% and <3%.

  • d Cancer risk3%. CI = confidence interval. n/a = not applicable.